Organization : Government of Goa
Scheme Name : PashuPalan Scheme
Home Page : https://www.goa.gov.in/index.php
Terms & Conditions : https://www.statusin.in/uploads/22547-Pashupalan.pdf
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Pashupalan Scheme :
Breeding and Rearing of Cows/Buffaloes/Calves Scheme :
** The Livestock Economy penetrates sections of rural society both vertically and laterally, supposedly more equitably than land holdings.
Related : DHE Bursary Scheme : www.statusin.in/21532.html
** Considerably there have been dramatic favorable changes in livestock population and composition over the past five decades, but overall impact on poor has not been much.
** Goa has its own Breeding Policy and accordingly animals are to be bred using Jersey semen. However, the local cattle owners find it very difficult to stall-feed their unproductive indigenous cattle.
This leads to the animals roaming in the streets looking for grazing patches or feeding from the dustbins as scavenger cows.
Deaths in these cows are reported due to consumption of plastic bags over a period of time, which is total loss to the farmer and the State. Unlike stray dogs, the stray cattle have owners, who due to their own financial circumstances cannot stall feed the unproductive animals, as it is a further burden to their pocket.
The promotion of dairy husbandry through crossbreeding of low productive local cattle is therefore to be given priority as most of the villagers own a few cattle. This programme will ensure techno-economic viability and prosperity to the small farmers.
Local Cattle breeding, was initiated by the Government of Goa in early 70’s, but was not popular, due to the high feeding cost during stall feeding.
** Considering this scenario, further research and technology transfer are needed in areas of genetic improvement, reproductive efficiency and nutrition and health care, all these areas are equally important to improve the overall quantity and quality of milk production.
Genetic improvement in this direction can further promote economic and eco-friendly dairy husbandry, which the small farmers are looking forward for their sustainable livelihood. There should be no limitation to the number of animals covered by individual farmer or organization.
The indigenous breeds need to be conserved by breeding with semen of same breed & calves born to be reared scientifically.
It is found that the entire cost of rearing of one calf from birth to 27 months is as high as Rs. 52800/- (Rupees fifty two thousand eight hundred only) and general category beneficiaries are getting 50% subsidy which is required to be increased to 75% of the estimated cost of rearing a calf so as to motivate more farmers under Pashupalan Scheme.
The main Objectives of the scheme are as follows :
** To encourage the cross breeding of cows and buffaloes.
** To encourage rearing of cross-bred calves/improved buffalo calves/Indigenous breed calves namely Sahiwal, Gir & Red Sindhi, from birth to 27 months.
** To encourage and uplift the S.C, S.T. & Dhangar community.
** To improve & sustain the productivity of cattle & buffalo through use of Artificial Insemination practices.
** To assist the farmer financially in stall feeding the local animals & rearing of the cross-bred calves/improved buffalo calves/Indigenous breed calves namely Sahiwal, Gir & Red Sindhi.
** To indirectly reduce the menace of stray cattle.
** To encourage NGOs/Goshalas/Community Farms & other organizations to take up calf rearing in scientific manner.
** To conserve the indigenous breeds.
** All farmers availing the Artificial Insemination Facility for cattle and buffalo and registered with the local Government Veterinary Services.
** N.G.Os, Goshalas, Community Farms and other organizations availing the A.I. to cows & buffaloes.
** All farmers irrespective of their financial status.
** All the farmers having cross-bred female calves/improved buffalo female calves/Indigenous breed calves namely Sahiwal, Gir & Red Sindhi, either born out of A.I. or calves born to existing cows and buffaloes or bought along with animals under Kamdhenu Scheme or Western Ghat Scheme or Modern Dairy Scheme/purchased locally under any other scheme of the Government.
Expectation on implementation of the Scheme :
** This programme will eliminate stray cattle and conserve community or individual paddy field, crops, plantations and forests from being destroyed by grazing of stray cattle.
** Door to door, service will help them to avail timely services and to develop confidence in adoption of the technology.
** Promotion of healthy crossbred cattle/improved buffaloes/indigenous breeds of cattle namely Sahiwal, Gir & Red Sindhi.
** Unproductive local cattle population will be reduced.
** Non-dependence on neighboring States by beneficiaries for their requirement of crossbred animals under various Government Schemes.
** Increase in the number of crossbred cows/ improved buffaloes/indigenous breed cows namely Sahiwal, Gir & Red Sindhi, thereby giving a fillip to the yield of milk in Goa.
** The scheme consists of three phases. The first phase deals with the Artificial Insemination of Non descript cows and buffaloes. The second phase is the confirmation of pregnancy of inseminated animals and feeding incentives.
** The third phase deals with rearing of female calves from birth to 27 months. All the Cross Bred calves, Improved buffalo calves and pure bred calves of Indigenous breeds namely Sahiwal, Gir & Red Sindhi shall be included in the scheme.
Phase – 1 :
** The caste certificate if SC/ST/ Dhangar is required to be submitted by the beneficiary.
** The beneficiary shall submit Xerox copy of bank saving account book indicating account number, MICR code, and IFSC code.
** The beneficiary should register his entire local (non-descript) cattle & buffaloes with the local Veterinary Dispensary or Veterinary Hospital free of cost.
** The beneficiary should intimate the local Veterinary Centre whenever the Non descript cow/buffalo exhibits oestrus.
On insemination the beneficiary is given an incentive of Rs. 500/- (Rupees Five Hundred only) per A.I. for 1st A.I. and Rs.200/- (Rupees Two Hundred only) for 2nd A.I., which will be directly deposited in his bank account on submission of records by the Veterinary Officer/Assistant Director of the area in form no. I, and on submission of advance receipt from the beneficiary.
** The cow/buffalo has to be kept tied on the day of A.I. and two days subsequent to the heat, so as to avoid natural service by local bull.
** The beneficiary is entitled to this benefit only for one A.I. per cycle.
** No additional incentives will be given for repeat of A.I. for the same oestrous cycle.